Some people visit Tibet for the intoxicating scenery of Tibet, while some people visit Tibet for its splendid culture. Thangka is a unique painting art form in Tibetan culture. The themes cover Tibetan history, religion, political, culture, and social life, and many other fields, with distinctive national characteristics, strong religious color, and unique art style. It is called the art piece closest to the god.
For the ordinary people who traveled to Tibet for the first time, when they saw the Thangka handicraft, they were all amazed by it. The mysterious and gorgeous colors of the mortal world, vivid shapes of the Buddha, after close viewing you will admire. You seem to be inspired by the characters in the painting, and your heart is full peaceful power. It is said that the artist who paints the Thangka and the lover who appreciate the Thangka art are the people who are bound to the Buddha. If you plan to travel to Tibet, you don’t miss this amazing art.
Thangka is a new art of painting with flourishing in Songtsen Gambo period. It has always been respected as a treasure by the Tibetan people. There are many varieties and textures of Thangka, but most of them are painted on cloth and paper. In addition, there are also Thangka of embroidery, tapestry and decal fabrics.
The Thangka painting art has had a profound influence over the thousand years. Thangka has various contents, including multiple images of Buddha and images reflecting Tibetan history and ethnic customs. Its composition is rigorous, balanced, plump and changeable. Tibetan Thangka has a long history, rich in content and considerable in quantity. But as a result of social vicissitude, ancient paintings of Tang and Song dynasties that have been preserved are rare. There is a Thangka named “Sangjie Dongxia” preserved in the Saji Temple, with 35 Buddha statues painted on it. Its simple and elegant style is very similar to the frescos in the Dunhuang grottoes at the same time. It is said that It is a work of the Tubo period, which is a rare precious cultural relic. There are 3 Tangka paintings of Song dynasty in the Potala Palace, two of which are Yisi Thangka ordered by the mainland.
In the Ming and Qing dynasties, in order to strengthen the control over the local area of Tibet, the emperor adopted the method of enshrining the heads of the Tibetan Buddhist. These measures are beneficial to the social stability economic and cultural development of Tibet. At that time, the Tibetan Thangka art reached a new peak. In this time, the number of Thangka was obviously increased. Different styles of Thangka paintings have been formed, which is the inevitable result of the long-term of Tibetan painting, and also the expression of more mature Tibetan painting art.
In a word, when you travel to Tibet, you must visit Thangka paintings and learn about the Tibetan culture which has been passed down for thousands of years. You will see a different Tibet from the Thangka painting.